CLS Bank v. Alice: The “Nothing More Than” Limitation on Abstract Ideas

By Jason Rantanen

CLS Bank International v. Alice Corporation Pty. Ltd. (Fed. Cir. 2012) Download 11-1301
Panel: Linn (author), O'Malley, Prost (dissenting)

Despite two recent opinions by the Supreme Court, the issue of patent eligible subject matter continues to sharply divide the Federal Circuit.  CLS Bank v. Alice Corporation illustrates this point neatly, even going a step further.   Unlike other recent opinions involving questions of patent eligible subject matter that have approached the issue in a relatively narrow, case-specific manner, here the majority implements a sweeping rule with significant implications for future cases – a rule that the dissenting judge criticizes as being irreconcilable with Supreme Court's precedent.

Background: Alice sued CLS for infringement of four patents covering, in the majority's words, "a computerized trading platform for exchanging obligations in which a trusted third party settles obligations between a first and second party so as to eliminate 'settlement risk'.  Settlement risk is the risk that only one party's obligation will be paid, leaving the other party without its principal."  Slip Op. at 2.  The patents included method, system, and computer program product claims. Claim 1 of Patent No. 7,149,720 is representative of the system claims:

1. A data processing system to enable the exchange of an obligation between parties, the system comprising:
a data storage unit having stored therein information about a shadow credit record and shadow debit record for a party, independent from a credit record and debit record maintained by an exchange institution; and

a computer, coupled to said data storage unit, that is configured to (a) receive a transaction; (b) electronically adjust said shadow credit record and/or said shadow debit record in order to effect an exchange obligation arising from said transaction, allowing only those transactions that do not result in a value of said shadow debit record being less than a value of said shadow credit record; and (c) generate an instruction to said exchange institution at the end of a period of time to adjust said credit record and/or said debit record in accordance with the adjustment of said shadow credit record and/or said shadow debit record, wherein said instruction being an irrevocable, time invariant obligation placed on said exchange institution.

The district court granted summary judgment of invalidity based on a failure to claim patent eligible subject matter.  Alice appealed.

The majority's "nothing more than" limitation: In reversing the district court, the majority focused on the "abstract ideas" exception to patent eligible subject matter.  Examing the concept of "abstract ideas," the majority concluded that despite substantial precedent and commentary, its meaning remains unclear and its boundary elusive.  There is, of course, some guidance in the precedent, notably the machine or transformation test and concerns about preempting an entire field of innovation.  There are also computer-specific opinions, which the majority distilled down into the rule that "a claim that is drawn to a specific way of doing something with a computer is likely to be patent eligible whereas a claim to nothing more than the idea of doing that thing on a computer may not."  Slip Op. at 18 (emphasis in original). But even this rule allows for "great uncertainty" as to the meaning of "abstract ideas."

Against this backdrop, the majority did not attempt to define the concept of "abstract ideas."  Instead, it implemented a new rule that minimizes the need to make such a determination and strongly favors a conclusion of patentable subject matter when claims involve anything that might be characterized as an abstract idea.  The majority's rule:

"this court holds that when—after taking all of the claim recitations into consideration—it is not manifestly evident that a claim is directed to a patent ineligible abstract idea, that claim must not be deemed for that reason to be inadequate under § 101…Unless the single most reasonable understanding is that a claim is directed to nothing more than a fundamental truth or disembodied concept, with no limitations in the claim attaching that idea to a specific application, it is inappropriate to hold that the claim is directed to a patent ineligible “abstract idea” under 35 U.S.C. § 101."

Slip Op. at 20-21 (emphasis added).  Applying this rule, the majority concluded that Alice's claims were directed to patent eligible subject matter.  In reaching this conclusion, it emphasized the need to look at the claim as a whole rather than to generalize the invention as the district court did.  Applying this approach, the majority concluded that the computer limitations "play a significant part in the performance of the invention" and that the claims are "limited to a very specific application of the concept of using an intermediary to help consummate exchanges between parties." Id. at 26. 

The majority also emphasized a theme previously discussed on PatentlyO: that district courts have the discretion to determine the order in which to assess questions of validity, and may execise that discretion in the interests of judicial efficiency: "Although § 101 has been characterized as a “threshold test,” Bilski II, 130 S. Ct. at 3225, and certainly can be addressed before other matters touching the validity of patents, it need not always be addressed first, particularly when other sections might be discerned by the trial judge as having the promise to resolve a dispute more expeditiously or with more clarity and predictability."  Slip Op. at 13 (emphasis added).

Judge Prost's Dissent: Writing in dissent, Judge Prost sharply criticized the majority for "responding to a unanimous Supreme Court decision against patentability with even a stricter subject matter standard."  Dissent at 8.    "The majority resists the Supreme Court’s unanimous directive to apply the patentable subject matter test with more vigor. Worse yet, it creates an entirely new framework that in effect allows courts to avoid evaluating patent eligibility under § 101 whenever they so desire."  Id. at 1.  Judge Prost was equally critical of the majority's departure from the Supreme Court's case-specific approach to questions of patent eligible subject matter.  "The majority has failed to follow the Supreme Court’s instructions—not just in its holding, but more importantly in its approach."  Id. at 3.

Central to Judge Prost's dissent is the view that the Supreme Court in Prometheus required that to be patent eligible the subject matter must contain an "inventive concept."  "Now there is no doubt that to be patent eligible under § 101, the claims must include an “inventive concept.”  Dissent at 3. Finding nothing inventive in the claims – they consist of the abstract and ancient idea together with its implementation via a computer – the dissent concludes that they cannot constitute patent eligible subject matter.

The Heart of the Dispute: One interpretation of the divide between majority and dissent is that it flows from fundamentally different approaches to the question of what the "invention" is for purposes of § 101.  The majority sees the "invention" as rigidly defined by the claims: "ignoring claim limitations in order to abstract a process down to a fundamental truth is legally impermissible," and accuses the dissent of doing just that.  Slip Op. at 23.  In contrast, the dissent, while recognizing the importance of the claims, strips them of jargon in order to ask "So where is the invention"?  Dissent at 5.  The majority's approach resembles the standard patent law approach to dealing with the concept of the invention; the dissent's is much more similar to how the Supreme Court analyzes questions of patentable subject matter. 

In any event, given the fundamental disagreement between the majority and dissent, this will be a case to keep a close eye on.

Correction to original post: Judge Lourie was joined by Judge O'Malley, not Judge Moore.

392 thoughts on “CLS Bank v. Alice: The “Nothing More Than” Limitation on Abstract Ideas

  1. 388

    “Show more comments” is busted.”

    +1

    Why does this happen seemingly regularly?

  2. 387

    Second time the comment link has stopped working in major thread in which the vocal minority has gotten beat down and defeated. Hmmmmm.

  3. 382

    The Wares:

    Nice post.

    1.  I have considerable experience as a programmer, from main frames to computers used on and with ICBMs.  Your assumption that I don't know what I am talking about it more likely a problem that you have with making unwarranted assumptions.

    2.  As to "authority,"  see Marbury v. Madison, US Supreme Court, 1803 link to scholar.google.com; That case is foundational.

    3. Regarding the exceptions, see the holdings of the court in Le Roy v. Tatham, O'Reilly v. Morse, Funk Bros., Benson, Diehr, Bilski and Prometheus.  Chakrabarty is dicta.  

    4. I believe that software which become an integral part of a GP digital computer transforms that computer into a particular machine.  There is that word, again: Integral.

    5. The question is, what is the test?

    6.  When the novelty does not depend on the integration, but on the business method, mathematical algorithm, or LoN, the computer is being used.  When the novelty depends on the integration, an not on the BM, MA or LoN, then a particular machine is being claimed.

    Novelty is the key.  What is the invention?   That is the question, and that has always been the question.  If one approaches the issue without first determining the substance of the transaction, one can only obtain absurd and nonsensical results.

  4. 381

    All of the usual pwnees show up in spades again: Loki-6, eplectic-MM and crusading-Ned (except IANAE, who chooses to sit this one out).

  5. 380

    Just about the only clear thing about this case is the observation that, in regard to the concept of “abstract ideas,” “its meaning remains unclear and its boundary elusive.” The new rule issued in this opinion is so broad as to encompass nearly every invention; certainly, clever claim drafting could render almost anything patent-eligible, if it follows this new guideline. Which is one reason why I have to side with the dissent in this instance.

  6. 379

    “NEVER ordered ”

    No, but they invited them to.

    “is not against ANY Supreme Court precedent. ”

    Except all of it.

    /bow I’m out bro.

  7. 378

    To the extent their holding goes against the USSC’s holdings I cannot obey them.

    LULZ – would love to see any examiner use that line during prosecution.

    Their would be one question to ask in the pre-appeal brief conference: On whose authority are you saying that the CAFC precedential opinion goes against the USSC’s holdings?

    As soon as the examiner opens his mouth and says “mine,” he loses.

  8. 377

    “Exactly as the USSC did when they pulled the correlation in prom out of the method and then evaluated the claim against that for preemption.”

    Wrong 6. Prometheus took the claim as a whole and considered the three steps as an ordered combination. There is no stripping away and ignoring in Prometheus. In fact there was nothing to really strip away in Prometheus. The invention was a discovery of a natural law occurring within the body. And the claims did nothing more than describe the law. Its steps were nothing more than identifying the L o N or Natural Phenomenon that existed in the human body. Granted that such identification requires a step by step process. One must know what to look for, which involves drawing blood. That of course invokes the now insignificant M o T, which Prometheus passed. But the Prometheus Court made it clear that you have to do more than identify and state the L o N. Or as the Court characterized it, state and apply it.

    Prometheus made it clear that the steps must transform the L o N into a patentable application. That transition or transformation from steps that simply identify, to steps that transform into a patentable application, is achieved through “integration”, a concept you have yet to grasp or deal with.

    See Prometheus, relying on Diehr as precedent, “In Diehr, the overall process was patent eligible because of the way the additional steps of the process “integrated” the equation into the process as a whole. 450 U. S., at 187. These additional steps transformed the process into an inventive application of the formula.” ( Emphasis Added )

    You know 6, if you would take the time to read the new USPTO Guidelines, and apply “Integration Analysis” to the Ultramercial claims you would finally understand why those claims, along with Alice’s claims are patent eligible. The CAFC Ultramercial Panel is doing this right now. Prost will eventually have to do it, and so will you. Just as the USPTO Guidelines have instructed you to do.

  9. 376

    6, like Ned, seem to want to purposefully misunderstand what the Supreme Court does (and more to the point does not) do with patent law: write it.

    Returns to the above mentioned “implicit” in quotes discussion.

  10. 375

    “And here, as the dissent notes, their “holding” is to question the lion’s share of the abstract idea judicial exception. ”

    An what does that even mean? Lion’ s share?? Is that a legal term? How did the dissent even measure this? There is no objectivity to that conclusion whatsoever. Anyone could say that. Even you 6.

    The Supreme Court in Prometheus NEVER ordered the CAFC to ban business methods or software, or even to make it more difficult for such claims to get through. Nor did they order them to make it easier either. What, the Supreme Court did was in effect say, we won’t interfere with what you decide, we just want to you do so within our precedent, which is Diehr. The M o T was in conflict with Diehr, as I told you long ago.

    That the CAFC chose not to make it more difficult for business methods and software and instead chose to focus on and obey the law that Congress wrote, is not against ANY Supreme Court precedent. Indeed it is in concert with Court precedent, especially with the Prometheus “Integration Analysis” as key.

  11. 373

    Really? They said to “redo” it? Nah tar d, they didn’t say “redo” it, as in, “redo” it without even paying attention to what the USSC has set forth. I already explained this to you above.

    “You do not get to decide that this does not follow the Supreme Court holdings. ”

    Sure I do bro. Not only do I “get to” I swore an oath to.

  12. 372

    “From the above it is clear that you admit that if your analysis became law you could legally strip away, and ignore the elements in ANY process claim A.K.A. dissection, and declare what’s left an abstract idea”

    You do that and then you do a preemption analysis after you have your base abstract idea/natural phenom/lawl of nature. Exactly as the USSC did when they pulled the correlation in prom out of the method and then evaluated the claim against that for preemption.

  13. 371

    MM has no pin-cite for overturning Diehr in any way.

    Even Ned Heller was forced to admit up thread that the Court never held such.

    MM and 6, are the last two hold outs refusing to face the reality that the South has lost the war.

    The Supreme Court has spoken. “Integration Analysis is here, it’s in the USPTO Guidelines, the CAFC has to deal with it in Ultramercial. Mooney can stand on the steps of the Court House of the Supreme Court and shout like George Wallace, dissection today, dissection tomorrow, dissection forever!

    But no one will be listening.

  14. 370

    MM: I have no idea what it means to have “an end result that is … dissected”

    Oh, sorry I missed this question MM. It means what is left of the claim after you have stripped away and ignored certain steps or elements you don’t like, so all is left is so “manifestly” abstract that the claims fail 101.

    Ya know, what you , 6, and Ned would like to do with business methods and software claims?

    Like I said you cannot have an end result that is both integrated and dissected at the same time.

    To do so is illogical to the extreme and would be akin to saying someone is innocent and guilty of the same exact charge at the same time.

    Thats why the law says you MUST view the claims as a whole, with all the steps and elements in tact. That is the essence on “Integration”, which as you know, is the antithesis of dissection, (strip away and ignore).

    Understand now?

  15. 369

    6 “Nothing prevents the assertion,…. “Nothing.”…..“Yes, I personally can as an examiner but…..”

    From the above it is clear that you admit that if your analysis became law you could legally strip away, and ignore the elements in ANY process claim A.K.A. dissection, and declare what’s left an abstract idea. The very thing the Supreme Court has expressly warned against. Your only reassurance that this abuse would not occur is to say in effect, but I would not do it, for whatever reason you have decided. Well, 6, thats like saying, I want a Nuclear weapon, but don’t worry I wont use it. I just want to have it. I think everyone will feel a lot more safer if people like you just did not possess this nuclear weapon of patent law. Then we will KNOW you won’t use it!

    “I will have to ask, where does the dissent in Alice get the authority? And where do you get the authority 6 to do what a CAFC judge could not?”

    6: “inter alia, BFDBP.”

    Ahhh… then you clearly have no such authority because Prometheus interjected “Integration Analysis” as the key to it’s precedents, especially relying on Diehr as the case most on point, which Bilski said was controlling of Flook, and Benson. ( See Bilski 14 ) “Integration Analysis” is the antithesis of dissection analysis, ( strip away, ignore, declare abstract). A fact you will come to realize if you ever dare apply the “Integration Analysis” of the USPTO, Official Guidelines to Ultramercial’s claim.

  16. 368

    And to think that was shown to the USPTO and the LAWYERS immediately in 1996!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!. And i’m still in this fight. Not to mention when I received the Patent it was prinred in northern Virginia. Well I must do what I must do!

  17. 366

    You neglect to notice 6 that the Supreme Court directed the lower court to redo their jurisprudence on 101.

    This is that. This is at the direction of the Supreme Court. You do not get to decide that this does not follow the Supreme Court holdings. That is not your authority under the law. The proper legal channel is through the court system. And until that proper legal channel is followed, you must follow this court’s immediate holding.

    That is how law works. If you cannot accept this, then you are violating the oath you swore and need to immediately quit. There is no room for eachexaminer to decide what the law is or is not. You have been told directly what the law is right now, today. It is yoru duty to follow that law, even if you do not agree with it. You must follow. You do not get to lead.

  18. 365

    I have the obligation to apply the law faithfully due to the oath I swore

    6 does not decide what the law is that he has sworn to uphold.

    The courts have decided. 6, you have the clear holding of law. The Office has dictated. You have the clear guidance after Prometheus.

    All of your loud protests to the contrary mean nothing if you do not follow what you have been told.

    Again, it is not up to you to decide that the court got it wrong. You do not have that authority.

  19. 364

    “Holding: which is law and guidance which binds all examiners.”

    Sorry bro, you wish. To the extent their holding goes against the USSC’s holdings I cannot obey them. And here, as the dissent notes, their “holding” is to question the lion’s share of the abstract idea judicial exception. Sorry, but neither they, nor I, have the authority to so question. The fact that they did does not change this.

  20. 363

    “I see that you did not gift me with a post on the method claim. How very telling in your failure to address the weakness I exposed.”

    There is no weakness tar d. There is simply your posting too much, I cannot find what post you refer to, and I’m also less likely to respond to all these 20 comments you’ve posted in re a very simple one of mine. You keep trying to make things more complicated than they are.

  21. 362

    “Using your analysis, what prevents you from simply saying the asserted patent claims are abstract ideas repackaged as methods of forming a protective film on a plastic car part ? ”

    Nothing prevents the assertion, but what will distinguish between mere assertion and an actual finding of ineligibility are many things. Indeed, the things which prevent the assertion eventually ending in the claim being invalidated or rejected are many and varied depending on the claim at issue.

    Several things in the example claim, they are practically too many to count if you get into details, but, for instance, the non-abstractness of the CVD apparatus, cathode, car part, PCVD mini-process, and the HMDS will suffice. They will, first of all, render whatever “abstract” ideas you believe to be at the heart of the claim to be non-abstract in the first instance because even “the idea of a CVD apparatus in my mind” is non-abstract because of the nature of the subject matter, i.e. a CVD apparatus. And there is even a built in check, because even if you bonk up the first part as was done by AI in his analysis of the example of ultra claims, because even if you consider “the abstract idea of a CVD apparatus in my mind” to be an abstract idea erroneously you will find in step 2 that the claim doesn’t actually preempt the use of “abstract ideas of CVD apparatus in your head” and you will thus add CVD apparatus to your list of things you must check the preemption against in step 3 whereupon again it will “fail” the preemption analysis and be deemed eligible.

    “Couldn’t you say that about ANY process claims you want? ”

    Yes, I personally can as an examiner but I will be wrong in saying that about some instant claims and not in others as I just explained. But examiners making bad rejections on occasion is nothing new.

    “What prevents you of saying, stripped of jargon, the representative method claim simply breaks down the idea of forming a protective film on a plastic car part in two steps?”

    Nothing. But what will prevent that from being a legit grounds of rejection/invalidation is, first of all, that the “idea” you just recited is not abstract, it is an idea about a protective film on a car part. And even if you persisted in calling that an abstract idea, step 3 will correct your initial error analogously to the example I just got through posting in this post above.

    “Isn’t that the omnipotent power to eviserate the claim, just as the Court feared and warn about? ”

    Only if you apply it as a tar d and do not do the whole analysis properly. There is of course a possibility that an examiner messes it up, the BPAI messes it up, and then the CAFC does too so a claim here or there dies when it shouldn’t have. But that is the case with all grounds of rejection, 101, 102, 103, 112.

    “I find it telling the dissent in Alice, in all its desire to dissect, strip away and ignore the parts and elements of the claim in order to declare it an abstract idea does not reference Diehr at all!”

    It was not needed. Because the prohibition to which you are trying to get at exists only in your mind.

    “I will have to ask, where does the dissent in Alice get the authority?”

    inter alia, BFDBP.

    “And where do you get the authority 6 to do what a CAFC judge could not?”

    inter alia, BFDBP. Although it isn’t really where I get the “authority”. I get the authority from the undersec o commerce to apply the law in specific cases. I have the obligation to apply the law faithfully due to the oath I swore. CAFC judges renouncing their obligation to the oath they swore does not lessen my own obligation. And to be clear, even though they do not realize this is what they’re doing, when the court tells them specifically to their face to change their ways, they will. Slowly. You see here that Prost changed hers, we’ve got to get the rest on board.

  22. 361

    Face it son, you are outclassed in this discussion. Resistance is futile.

    LOLZ.

    Reminds me of 6 playing Loki and 101 Borg playing the Hulk in Tony Stark’s New York complex with 6 being slammed about like a little rag doll.

  23. 360

    Yes, it is the quick adaptation of the “Integration Analysis” by the Office in the Official USPTO Guidelines that has really put the anti patent crowd of three over the edge.

    Adaption is the gift of assimilation.

    The Office could not offer any resistance to assimilation. They realized that such was futile. All examiners will be assimilated, including 6. Running away is futile.

    Resistance is futile.

  24. 359

    In a sense, this is the closest that 6 has become in stating something correct. The effects of assimilation have started.

    In order to achieve perfection, all alien species will be joined to the Borg. Assimilation into Integration will occur. 6 will become AI.

    Resistance is futile.

  25. 358

    6, Your continued resistance is futile. Your response of “and will amend the abstract idea at stage 1” is irrelevant. You will be assimlated by the following:

    1)CLS Bank Intl v Alice Corp. Pty. LTD., slip op 2011-1301, pages 19-21 (in pertinent part quoting Diehr and Bilski):

    Any claim can be stripped down, or simplified, removing all of its concrete limitations, until at its core, something that could be characterized as an abstract idea is revealed. But nothing in the Supreme Court’s precedent, nor in ours, allows a court to go hunting for abstractions by ignoring the concrete, palpable, tangible, and otherwise not abstract invention the patentee actually claims. It is fundamentally improper to paraphrase a claim in overly simplistic generalities in assessing whether the claim falls under the limited “abstract ideas” exception to patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. § 101. Patent eligibility must be evaluated based on what the claims recite, not merely on the ideas upon which they are premised. In assessing patent eligibility, a court must consider the asserted claim as a whole. Diehr, 540 U.S. at 188…

    In light of the foregoing, this court holds that when—after taking all of the claim recitations into consideration—it is not manifestly evident that a claim is directed to a patent ineligible abstract idea, that claim must not be deemed for that reason to be inadequate under § 101. It would undermine the intent of Congress to extend a judicially-crafted exception to the unqualified statutory eligibility criteria of § 101 beyond that which is “implicitly” excluded as a “fundamental truth” that is “free to all men and reserved exclusively to none.” Bilski II, 130 S. Ct. at 3225, 3230 (citations omitted); see also id. at 3226 (“This Court has ‘more than once cautioned that courts should not read into the patent laws limitations and conditions which the legislature has not expressed.’” (quoting Diehr, 450 U.S. 175, 182 (citation omitted))).” (emphasis added).

    2) United States Patent and Trademark Official Guidance 2012 Interim Procedure for Subject Matter Eligibility Analysis of Process Claims Involving Laws of Nature Section III. DETAILED GUIDANCE FOR USING THE INQUIRIES subsection A. Determining What Applicant Invented and the Broadest Reasonable Interpretation:

    It is improper to dissect a claimed invention into discrete elements and then evaluate the elements in isolation because it is the combination of claim limitations functioning together that establish the boundaries of the invention and limit its scope.” (emphasis added).

    Holding: which is law and guidance which binds all examiners.

    You have been assimilated. Resistance is futile. You will make a somewhat less than adequate drone. Expendable duty will be recommended.

  26. 357

    so I gifted you with a post

    I see that you did not gift me with a post on the method claim. How very telling in your failure to address the weakness I exposed.

    Your “reasonableness” criteria is one giant FAIL. It is irrelevant. Your test is one giant FAIL. It is irrelevant. You will be assimilated.

    Even your recalibrated response to the product claim is one giant FAIL (you ignored the integration step, which is the lynchpin of 101 IE’s argument, the very point that is central to the Office Guidance following Prometheus, the very point that you FAIL to overcome in your discussions with 101 IE, the very point upon which you are being assimilated.

  27. 356

    “Might it look something like that?”

    Yup, you nailed it alright!

    That’s what 6 is hanging his anti-patent dreams on. But the problem for 6, is Prometheus used Diehr as the basis for it’s “integration analysis” which is the antithesis of dissection. Add to that the fact that the Court warned about an exclusionary principle without limits, and 6 has no authority whatsoever for his premonition style preemption analysis.

  28. 355

    6, I know you are busy getting Intellectually B slapped by 101 Borg.

    But in between slaps perhaps you could answers some questions for me.

    Using your analysis, what prevents you from simply saying the asserted patent claims are abstract ideas repackaged as methods of forming a protective film on a plastic car part ?

    Couldn’t you say that about ANY process claims you want?

    What prevents you of saying, stripped of jargon, the representative method claim simply breaks down the idea of forming a protective film on a plastic car part in two steps? Followed by you listing the general steps and simply calling them abstract ideas, or the concept.

    Isn’t that the omnipotent power to eviserate the claim, just as the Court feared and warn about?

    I find it telling the dissent in Alice, in all its desire to dissect, strip away and ignore the parts and elements of the claim in order to declare it an abstract idea does not reference Diehr at all!

    This despite Diehr being upheld as controlling law in Bilski, and the case most on point in Prometheus. And the fact the Court used Diehr as the basis for its integration analysis!

    I will have to ask, where does the dissent in Alice get the authority?

    And where do you get the authority 6 to do what a CAFC judge could not?

    Certainly not from a dissent in Alice.

    Not from Prometheus.

    Not from Diehr.

  29. 354

    “Let me ask you AI, at what point are you going to predict a USSC case ….So far our side has a perfect record ….Your side, sadly, does not. How do you explain that discrepancy?”

    6, first of all if you search the name, Actual Inventor, on this blog you will indeed find that AI, made the bold predictions on the outcome in Bilski, and was right. You lost on every point in the debate that lead up to the decision. And for quite some time AI, posted the winning score card on this blog , ending with the phrase, “Actual Inventors Win. We always win.” And there was nothing you could do about it but sulk. MM went into hiding for a month. And Ned , well some would say that is when he went cr azy. That is just historical fact.

    Now, I have already said Ultramercials claims are statutory subject matter in view of Prometheus, and according to the USPTO Office Guidelines on Integration Analysis.

    If the petitoners in Alice ask for cert the Court will not grant it, because the “Integration Analysis” in Prometheus, used in Ultramercial, will have already addressed the issue.

    In fact I have even completed the Integration Analysis according to the USPTO Guidelines and invited you many, many, times to do the same thing. You have not taken that challenge.

  30. 353

    “101, they did not actually say that, which is a very interesting point in itself.”

    Well Mr. Heller, I believe in giving credit where credit is due. For you to admit you were not stating the actual law and holding of the Supreme Court, and in effect legally wrong, is a step further than MM or 6 would go.

    I hope now you will accept my challenge to analyze Ultramercials claims in view of Prometheus and with the new USPTO Guidance on “Integration Analysis”. If by chance you have already done so please post the link.

  31. 352

    “The Office has responded to what it thinks is the key: integration. I do find the exchanges between the artist formerly known as AI and those that have been labeled the vocal minority to be very illuminating. In my view, AI has clearly made the better case.]”

    Thank you Wares for this very substantive and detailed post, and your acknowledgement of the case for “Integration Analysis” is appreciated as well.

    Most important, when Ultramercial goes back to the Court, the CAFC will be able to present the Supreme Court Justices with the Courts own interpretation of their precedent.

    It won’t be some test the CAFC made up on its own like M o T, or State Street.

    This Court, 9-0, will welcome the “Integration Analysis” as being on point with Diehr.

    After all, Integration is the antithesis of dissection. No ignoring parts and elements of a claim and only focusing on abstract ideas is allowed.

    Of course it will be just devastating to the Anti Patent Crowd. I am sure they sense this. Witness already all the weeping and gnashing of teeth over Integration, and how they had to be dragged kicking and screaming to the front door of the Office Guidelines on Integration Analysis.

    Even still not ONE of the anti patent crowd has yet to go through that door and analyze Ultramercials claims according to the Integration Analysis in the USPTO Guidelines.

    They know if they do they will be forced to face the truth that software and business methods will continue to be upheld as patentable subject matter and the attempt to freeze processes to the iron age will melt away.

  32. 351

    “Even Einstein Drinking With 6 is now AI.”

    Anyone that follows the blog on a regular basis knows who the 101 Integration Expert is.

    But it is absolutely hilarious how 6 now thinks EVERYONE, that post about Integration Analysis, or otherwise exposes the weakness and folly of his logic and thinking about patent law, is somehow Actual Inventor. He is even using names he finds on the internet and calling those people, that probably don’t even read this board, AI! lolz indeed.

  33. 350

    “You and MM are making this non-inventor look like a genius.”

    The credit belongs to Justice Breyer, of course, whose insightful, genius and eloquent use of “integration” in the prometheus analysis really provided the key for reconciling the 101 subject matter cases and putting an end to the so called GD war of the vocal minority.

    “I do see 101 IE’s integration philosophy throughout the guidelines though. I am not sure how you explain that discrepancy.”

    Yes, it is the quick adaptation of the “Integration Analysis” by the Office in the Official USPTO Guidelines that has really put the anti patent crowd of three over the edge.

    When Ultramercial comes out further addressing “Integration Analysis” they might just slit their wrist.

  34. 349

    “Frames indeed can be abstract.”

    No, they cannot. You are simply referring to the idea of a frame in your mind. Which you can feel free to refer to as well, but even they are not abstract in this context because they are about something which is not abstract, i.e. a frame. And should you choose to amend your abstract idea to reflect that you are talking about the idea of a frame then the claim will no longer preempt because of the reason that it does not actually claim the idea of a frame, it claims only frames. You will then put “frame” in your list of things which you will need to check the preemption against in stage 3. When you get there, frame will not be post-solution activity and it will not be a field of use. It is simply a thing.

    And the claim will be eligible.

    I know it just eats you up and all, so I gifted you with a post.

  35. 348

    “You do realize that for a work to be copyrighted, it cannot be abstract right? ”

    It does take you awhile to get to the root of your malfunction does it not? In this thread it has taken you a full 10 posts to finally understand that your real issue with the analysis I performed is simply that you don’t think one aspect is abstract. I don’t know whom told you that copyrighted works are not abstract because they plainly are, copyrighted works are no different than any other works. They all involve either notes, words or images, all abstractions. But perhaps you made it up all by your lonesome that they are not abstract. I have experience in dealing with ta rdation of this kind, and so does the USSC, so, presuming you are right, no problem bro, you see, when you are actually dealing with an abstract idea, you can amend the abstract idea at the heart of the issue to take these kinds of things into account with no problems.

    Let us say you are right, although you are not, and that they are not abstract. We shall set those aside into the column of things which might make the claims not be considered abstract which will be taken into account in our third step, the final check on the claims, and will amend the abstract idea at stage 1 to:

    offering for restricted sale a purchasable text/video/music work that is associated with a sponsorship message, from a sponsor who has sponsored a number of messages, but also offering as a deal free access to the work if customers view an interactive or non-interactive ad and if it is non-interactive giving them the work after they ask to see the ad after you offer the deal and you have shown them the ad and if it is interactive then query them and get an answer to the query before giving them the work after they ask to see the ad after you offer the deal and you have shown them the ad and recording the deal while keeping an updated list of how many times you present the sponsored message to get paid for a sponsorship message.

    I do not always get the abstract idea at the heart of the claims correct the first time around, which is what is so nice about this, the applicant can rebut and make his little points. But they will not matter.

    I took out the “copyright” and the “interweb” just because you could argue that they aren’t abstract even though obviously they are and court case after court case say they are, which is why I left them in. So we’ll put those two things in the column of “things that might make us think the claim is not abstract”.

    So then the analysis is slightly more interesting, but still quite dull. We have put down our abstract idea at the heart of the claims as set forth in this post above. The second step we now evaluate whether the claims preempt on the whole abstract idea. Now the recited process does not directly preempt on all of the abstract idea because it only deals with copywritten works that are offered on the web. In the third step we then decide whether or not the things on our list of things which might save the claim are post solution activity or are simply field of use limitations. They both appear to be field of use limitations. The applicant would therefore like to preempt on the abstract idea recited in this post above in the fields of copywritten works on the interwebs. It is thus ineligible.

    But I salute you for your valiant defense, and having perhaps made a breakthrough in your understanding of the proper analysis and how to respond when you do not think the analsis was performed right in the first place. Thus I gifted you with a post. But I doubt you will recieve any further since I doubt you will be able to progress further in your understanding.

  36. 347

    Putting up for restricted sale a purchasable text/video/music copyrighted work

    You do realize that for a work to be copyrighted, it cannot be abstract right? So, to any reasonable person, the copyrighted item and the bicycle frame rise or fall to the same possibility of abstraction and your test (again) is shown to be a FAIL.

    Face it son, you are outclassed in this discussion. Resistance is futile.

  37. 346

    Well then, go ahead and tell us what it was.

    See my post at 8:01 PM tard.

    They could be, but they are not reasonably.

    Whose idea of “reasonably” are you using? To me, it is very reasonable to abtract industrial processes in my head. In fact, at one point in my career I was paid to do exactly that. My bosses thought it very reasonable to do such abstractions prior to spending buukoo bucks on real processes. If you had any sense of the real world, this would not come as a shock to you. But you are rather naive about such things.

  38. 345

    The idea of a frame is an abstraction in my mind.

    Frames indeed can be abstract. That’s the point. Everything can be abstract, or as you put it in all caps: DIRECTED TO AN ABSTRACT IDEA.

    Thus, you FAIL.

    I have a left eye and a right eye replacement. Which would you prefer?

  39. 344

    “It has a main frame”

    Frames aren’t abstract bro. Nice try. But you just demonstrated why your “everything can be abstracted” is not the case.

  40. 343

    “Done.

    And it was easy. ”

    Well then, go ahead and tell us what it was.

    “Even industrial processes can be abstractions in my head”

    They could be, but they are not reasonably.

  41. 342

    [Since I think that A New Light refuses to converse with you, let me be so bold as to venture a response. Most of your response to A New Light is merely a retread of your views expressed many times and you simply neglect to incorporate any of what A New Light provides, notably, exactly where does the Court itself says it takes its authority from in order to have its judicial exceptions. The Court is clear that it is not under its own authority. This is critical when it comes to the all or nothing of the judicial exceptions.]

    A New Light, the exceptions rise from 101 as originally enacted in 1790 and carried forward in 1793, 1836, 1870 and 1952. The statute includes from the constitution itself the words “invents,” “discovers,” “useful” and “Art” (now process or method).

    [Caution: it appears that you are attempting to break apart Useful Arts into useful and into arts. This would be legal error as Useful Arts is a singular term of art.]

    The court has also read into this statute a principle of interpretation: “to promote the progress of” and “for limited times.” (Exclusivity is also in the constitution, but that is not addressed in 101.)

    [Full Stop. You have neglected something critical: what was the authority used by the Court to do this “reading into the statute”?]

    The details of novelty are specified in 102. Rich would similarly have stripped invents or discovers completely from 101 because of the creation of 103. I don’t think the Supreme Court will ever agree with Rich on that point.

    [Full Stop. This is a non-sequitur to the discussion. Please contain your bias.]

    Long ago, in Le Roy v. Tatham, the SC laid down the basic principles we discuss here: that patents are for useful applications of law of nature and basic ideas, known as principles. That notion was better defined in Morse, just as the Alice court discussed. (BTW, Le Roy had nothing to do with a product of nature exclusion.) Benson made clear that mental steps were also excluded, as were mathematical algorithms.

    [Full Stop. You have neglected something critical: what was the authority used by the Court? I would further point out (as has been done before) that you seem to accept some evolution of the judicial exceptions, but by insisting on Court authority you seem to want to restrain which exceptions have been promulgated. You cannot do so, since the authority is not Court authority, the holding/dicta line of reasoning does not apply]

    Chakrabarty arguably added product of nature, but you know my position on that: dicta.

    [As mentioned, your view CANNOT be correct. Why? Simple. Authority. The notion of dicta simply does not (and cannot) apply. Such would mean that the Court and not Congress has written patent law. The Court is emphatic in its very careful wording to say that it does not do so.]

    Then we come to business method and other particular manipulations of abstract ideas,

    [Full stop. You are equating business methods with manipulations of abstract ideas and categorically banning them. This is something the Supreme Court has repeatedly said not to do.]

    a problem somewhat also addressed in Benson, Flook, Bilski and Prometheus. We learn that if such are applied to produce a new and useful physical result, the MOT for example,

    [Full stop. The MOT is a clue only. A good clue sometimes, but not decisive either in its presence or in its absence. This too has been repeated by the Supreme Court. You must wean yourself off of this crutch.]

    then the claims are applied and eligible. Otherwise, they are ineligible. Preemption is not the only reason. Useful Arts is another, useful as in the application a machine, article of manufacture, composition of matter, or a process of making and using these.

    [Full stop. The term “Useful Arts” is broader than that (for example there is nothing limiting useful arts to the technical arts). And process is not so limited as you would imply, it is not bound to “making and using these”]

    With latter we have a problem illustrated in Benson: simply using a computer is not enough: using conventional tools to do something abstract in nature is not eligible.

    [That’s the problem. Where does doing something abstract with conventional tools ends and applying conventional tools with an abstract idea to do something count as patent eligible? This becomes difficult if you properly look at both “Useful Arts” and “processes.” Each of these are not as limited as you would have them be per the words of Congress. Each of these are meant to be broad and the judicial exceptions are meant to be seldom invoked. That is the lesson of the instant case: only when the claim is manifestly abstract, should the abstract judicial exception be invoked. Prometheus is telling in that the claim as a whole (in the Court’s eyes) was NOT to the use of conventional tools for the claim as a whole. In the eyes of the court, those limitations, while passing MOT (note that the Supreme Court in Prometheus did not not say that MOT was misapplied by the CAFC), but said simply that the MOT elements did not add enough to the identified law of nature.

    The Office has responded to what it thinks is the key: integration. I do find the exchanges between the artist formerly known as AI and those that have been labeled the vocal minority to be very illuminating. In my view, AI has clearly made the better case.]

    Alice attempts to define abstract in terms distinguishing the conventional use of computer with a definition of a new machine. I think this is an attempt to go in the right direction. Thus the use of a machine in specific ways that are not just simply using a GP computer may be sufficient.

    [Full Stop. I think that you underappreciate what “using” a machine means. I recognize that you have argued long and hard with many people about programming, but I have to say that here too, I think you come up short. The court has made it clear that programming creates a new machine. I think you would have an easier time accepting this if you had some programming background. You need to realize that programming is every bit as real a change to a machine as a new hardware component, or a new firmware command set (which after all, is merely programming a different portion of the computer). It has been proven on the physical level and it has been accepted on the legal level. If it helps, think of not even being able to use a machine if the programming has not been completed. I think there is plenty of room under 102 or 103 to eliminate many of the concerned “bad” software patents. To do so, one would only have to be able to use (and this means without programming) a prior art computer to effect the claim. However, programming IS creation. It is creation for a purpose, a use, and therefore, fully embraced by the patent law. I know many have attempted to teach you this, but until you are ready to accept this, you will be blind to the truth]

    But the novelty must be in the new computer, not in the abstract business or other such method, as such would imply that the computer is simply being “used.”

    [Again, I caution that you have impermissibly defined business as abstract. This you cannot do. You have also misstated computer use. Again, if one can use a computer without programming it, then 102 or 103 may be violated. But ANY programming necessarily creates a new machine and this must be vigilantly maintained.

    You must realize that hardware is equivalent to firmware is equivalent to software. You must also realize that “business” does belong to the Useful Arts. You must also realize that Process is not tied to the other categories.]

  42. 341

    Hey, an idea just occurred to me, It’s an incredibly realistic, albeit fantastically complex abstract idea of a bicycle. It has a main frame made from an an elongate seat tube, an elongate down tube and a bottom bracket shell attached to said seat tube and said down tube, and a mounting bracket attached to said bottom bracket shell. My abstract bike also has a shock absorbing rear assembly pivotally connected to said main frame. My abstract shock absorbing rear assembly could be made up of an abstract pair of chain stays pivotally connected to said mounting bracket, an abstract pair of drop-outs attached to respective ones of said chain stays; an abstract pair of swingarms attached to respective ones of said drop-outs; an abstract shock mount pivotally connected to and extending between said swingarms and said seat tube; and an abstract shock absorber pivotally connected to and extending between said shock mount and said mounting bracket.

    All this abstract idea occurred in under a minute. IT’s wonderful what you can build in your head with these abstract ideas.

    But this does point out that your claim is DIRECTED TO AN ABSTRACT IDEA. Sure it’s complex, sure it could also be a real piece of hardware, or such, but that’s not the point – the point is that using your test, it is an admittedly complex, but nonetheless abstract idea in my head.

    You FAIL. Please report to the assimilation chambers.

  43. 340

    I know that is the point you would like to make, but it is CONCLUSORY nonsense. I’m calling you out. Show us how to invalidate that claim according to you, it should be easy. Go ahead, try make up the proper abstract idea and invalidate it.

    Done.

    And it was easy.

    And, of course, it is CONCLUSORY nonsense. But then again, so is your test. Even industrial processes can be abstractions in my head. Therefore, 6’s claim is DIRECTED TO AN ABSTRACT IDEA, even if it too, can be a real world item (just like Ultramercial’s claims).

    It is very easy to assimilate fantasy.

  44. 339

    “Is 6’s claim an abstract idea, OR DIRECTED TO AN ABSTRACT IDEA?

    That is, in other words, whether they preempt an abstract idea even though they are not themselves nothing more than an abstract idea.

    What if in a particularly dastardly deed, they dreamed up a slightly more complex abstract idea.

    Perhaps one involving apparatus for vapor deposition, plastic car parts and special gases etc? What if, go d forbid, they came up with the abstract idea of:

    Forming a protective film on a plastic car part by providing an apparatus in which a shape of at least one part of a cathode provided in a reaction chamber includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces which coincide with a shape of at least one part of the plastic car part that includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces, and the abstract idea of attaching said plastic car part to said cathode in a condition that said plurality of nonplanar surfaces of the cathode contacts said plurality of non-planar surfaces of the plastic car part so that the parts coincident in shape contact with each other; and the abstract idea of performing plasma chemical vapor deposition by supplying high-frequency electric power between said reaction chamber and said cathode while importing a hydrogen gas and an organic silicon gas into said reaction chamber, wherein said organic silicon gas includes hexamethyldisilane, and wherein said plastic car part is a lens for a vehicle lamp.

    What if, go d forbid, they came up with that abstract idea? WHAT IF THAT HAPPENED 6?

    Might it look something like:

    1. A method of forming a protective film on a plastic car part comprising the steps of:
    providing a plasma chemical vapor deposition apparatus in which a shape of at least one part of a cathode provided in a reaction chamber includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces which coincide with a shape of at least one part of the plastic car part that includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces;
    attaching said plastic car part to said cathode in a condition that said plurality of nonplanar surfaces of the cathode contacts said plurality of non-planar surfaces of the plastic car part so that the parts coincident in shape contact with each other; and
    performing plasma chemical vapor deposition by supplying high-frequency electric power between said reaction chamber and said cathode while importing a hydrogen gas and an organic silicon gas into said reaction chamber,
    wherein said organic silicon gas includes hexamethyldisilane, and
    wherein said plastic car part is a lens for a vehicle lamp.

    Might it look something like that?

    Granted its a complex abstract idea, but it is still every bit as an abstract idea as your test subject above. It’s all in my head, every last element. Therefore, the claim is DIRECTED TO AN ABSTRACT IDEA!

    You (and your test) FAIL. Your failure has been assimilated.

  45. 338

    6: I know that is the point you would like to make, but it is CONCLUSORY nonsense. I’m calling you out.

    101 Integration Expert: “6 the point is that you can choose to invalidate any process claim you want with your analysis, by simply , “making up” the abstract idea.” There fixed. If you are going to call me out then please use my exact quote and not some truncated version.

    6: Show us how to invalidate that claim according to you, it should be easy. Go ahead, try make up the proper abstract idea and invalidate it.

    101 Integration Expert: Not according to me. This is not what I do. It’s what YOU do. You said you are free to dream up any abstract idea you want. Here, read your own quote:

    link to patentlyo.com

    “6 said in reply to 101 Integration Expert… The “concept” at issue can be any “concept” (aka abstract idea), not merely the one the inventors or a certain court dreams up. Anyone is free to dream up another. Like, for instance, wildtangent, or me or you. Reply Jul 06, 2012 at 11:42 AM”

    101 Integration Expert: I will not simply “dream” up any abstract concept just to invalidate a claim.

    Why?

    1. Because the Supreme Court has expressly warned me NOT to do this.

    2. The Law in Prometheus with it’s “integration analysis” makes it legally impermissible.

    3. The USPTO Guidelines instruct me to use “integration” in my analysis.

    Now if you, 6, want to be a scofflaw examiner and ignore all the above authorities, that is YOUR choice.

    And if you, 6, choose to dream up concepts, or choose not to dream up concepts for the example in this thread. Again this is your choice. But it is evident from the Courts, it is an inappropriate, if not illegal choice to have.

    6: “Ultra’s claims will go down in flames, and so will Alice’s,”

    101 Integration Expert: Ultramercial is statutory subject matter when using the Courts “integration Analysis” as I have already demonstrated. I see no problems with Alice passing the “Integration Analysis” as well. The only option of a rebuttal that you have presented is your preemption, which is really better called a premonition analysis. But really 6, do you want to go to the Supreme Court and say you have and should maintain the power to “dream up” any concept you want and in effect eviscerate claims when the Court has expressly warned you not to do so? Go right ahead. I will be glad to take the odds that say you will lose.

  46. 337

    “the point is that you can choose to invalidate any process claim you want with your analysis,”

    I know that is the point you would like to make, but it is CONCLUSORY nonsense. I’m calling you out. Show us how to invalidate that claim according to you, it should be easy. Go ahead, try make up the proper abstract idea and invalidate it.

    “So there is no need for anyone to dream up some concept this claim pre-empts. ”

    No “need”? Well there is if you want to attempt to invalidate a claim with my analysis aka the judicial exceptions. But of course you do not want to attempt that because it would affect your worldview wherein magically any claim can be invalidated with my analysis. However, blatantly not all of them can. Which is evidence against your conclusory statement that all of them can.

    “So what do we have here? A conventional industrial process that at first glance appears to be tied to apparatus, machine and chemical transformation. ”

    Aka a claim that cannot be invalidated with my analysis. Something which, under your view should not be able to exist because you think my analysis kills all claims, or at least can kill all claims.

    “So what are you supposed to do when you get claims that are not M o T tied, and/or involve software processes, and methods that are beneficial to conducting business?”

    Nobody asked you tar d. I’ve already put down what we’re supposed to be doing, as did judge Prost. A view that will very shortly be affirmed.

    And we’ll be seeing here very shortly won’t we? Ultra’s claims will go down in flames, and so will Alice’s, and you’ll get on here and claim ultimate victory! Because you are a t ard.

  47. 336

    Even Einstein Drinking With 6 is now AI.

    I think 6 has caught the suckie conspiracy bug from Malcolm.

    Makes you wonder what else Malcolm has given to 6…

  48. 335

    6 the point is that you can choose to invalidate any process claim you want with your analysis, by simply , “making up” the abstract idea. So there is no need for anyone to dream up some concept this claim pre-empts. The fact that you, 6, can and do dream it up is the point! The Court does not want you to have such power for the very reasons they have so warned you about, and 101 borg, quoted above. So what do we have here? A conventional industrial process that at first glance appears to be tied to apparatus, machine and chemical transformation. Well, if thats correct then the claim certainly passes M o T, as would any process of that type from the 1800’s. But here is the thing 6, not only do you NOT get to play God and dream up abstract concepts for inventions you don’t like, you also don’t get to reject claims for failing to pass the M o T. There is no such restriction. ( See Bilski)

    So what are you supposed to do when you get claims that are not M o T tied, and/or involve software processes, and methods that are beneficial to conducting business?

    Apply the “Integration Analysis” of Prometheus and follow the USPTO Guidelines!

  49. 334

    Again:

    1. A method of forming a protective film on a plastic car part comprising the steps of:

    providing a plasma chemical vapor deposition apparatus in which a shape of at least one part of a cathode provided in a reaction chamber includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces which coincide with a shape of at least one part of the plastic car part that includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces;
    attaching said plastic car part to said cathode in a condition that said plurality of nonplanar surfaces of the cathode contacts said plurality of non-planar surfaces of the plastic car part so that the parts coincident in shape contact with each other; and
    performing plasma chemical vapor deposition by supplying high-frequency electric power between said reaction chamber and said cathode while importing a hydrogen gas and an organic silicon gas into said reaction chamber,
    wherein said organic silicon gas includes hexamethyldisilane, and
    wherein said plastic car part is a lens for a vehicle lamp.

  50. 332

    “It is noticed that you fail to give an example from your art of bicycles.”

    Pick any one tar d, my treat, I’ve got a hundred thousand for you to pick from. That’s the point, there is a whole art that cannot (99%+) be assailed with the judicial exceptions. Indeed, there are many more such arts. ENTIRE ARTS ya tar d.

    But here, since you’re a tar d for details,

    link to google.com

    1. A bicycle comprising:

    a main frame comprising:
    an elongate seat tube:
    an elongate down tube:
    a bottom bracket shell attached to said seat tube and said down tube, and
    a mounting bracket attached to said bottom bracket shell:
    a shock absorbing rear assembly pivotally connected to said main frame and comprising:
    a pair of chain stays pivotally connected to said mounting bracket:
    a pair of drop-outs attached to respective ones of said chain stays;
    a pair of swingarms attached to respective ones of said drop-outs;
    a shock mount pivotally connected to and extending between said swingarms and said seat tube; and
    a shock absorber pivotally connected to and extending between said shock mount and said mounting bracket.

    Go ahead, abstract away. Invalidate it under my analysis if you think it can be done. Shouldn’t take you 25 mins.

    ” cannot give a method claim to analyze just like your extended abstract treatment of the ultramercial “abstractness”

    Now it has to be a “method” claim? We’re talking about 101 eligibility ta rd, any stat class will suffice. I gave you one example in the ultra example above of a method that’s going down. If you’d like an eligible example, sure thing bro,

    link to google.com

    1. A method of forming a protective film on a plastic car part comprising the steps of:

    providing a plasma chemical vapor deposition apparatus in which a shape of at least one part of a cathode provided in a reaction chamber includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces which coincide with a shape of at least one part of the plastic car part that includes a plurality of non-planar surfaces;
    attaching said plastic car part to said cathode in a condition that said plurality of nonplanar surfaces of the cathode contacts said plurality of non-planar surfaces of the plastic car part so that the parts coincident in shape contact with each other; and
    performing plasma chemical vapor deposition by supplying high-frequency electric power between said reaction chamber and said cathode while importing a hydrogen gas and an organic silicon gas into said reaction chamber,
    wherein said organic silicon gas includes hexamethyldisilane, and
    wherein said plastic car part is a lens for a vehicle lamp.

    Go ahead, abstract away. Invalidate it with my analysis. Identify the abstract idea at the heart of the claim, and then go ahead and finish up the analysis and explain whether the claim does or does not preempt on it either in full or in significant part. And let us know if there is any post-solution activity involved. Give er a try.

  51. 331

    You tire of discussing in generalities what you fear to venture forth in particulars. It is noticed that you fail to give an example from your art of bicycles. It is no surprise, as you are evidently just a pvssy and cannot give a method claim to analyze just like your extended abstract treatment of the ultramercial “abstractness”.

    You are all prattle – no substance. Do not fret though, even pvssies get assimilated.

  52. 330

    101, they did not actually say that, which is a very interesting point in itself.  Nevertheless, the Prometheus holding required the transformative steps to be old and conventional.  If not…   Well that was speculation, and they left that issue open.

  53. 329

    “there can never be a patent anywhere at anytime that would pass such “slightly more complex abstract idea” shenagins.”

    That’s funny, I issue them every week. I wonder how the people in my art just so happen to pass the “slightly more complex abstract idea” shenanigans with ease 99% of the time?

    “Any claim you put up can be turned into such an “abstract idea of” that claim. Without exception.”

    That’s just an allegation brosensky. Head on over to the bicycle art, pull up some claims to bicycles, and go ahead and see what you can do to it in terms of my analysis. Go ahead, love to see you try.

    “The only thing you have done with your “test” is to do what the Supreme Court explictily warned against”

    No, they simply were not specific enough for your ta rd brain, which has trouble reading in context, about what they are warning against. What they are warning against is precisely the check which the court in Alice needed to use but failed to. There is a check that can be reasonably imposed on the first stage of the analysis, looking at what is the underlying abstract idea to make sure that it reasonably really is an abstract idea. That is what they are referring to. Making for dam sure that the abstract idea that is under suspicion is truly abstract.

    And I think you can apply the reasonably abstract check against what I wrote above and you will find it to be reasonably considered abstract.

    “You have taken the “abstract” and applied it as broadly as possible.”

    No, I make an important check on my “abstract”, aka my determination of what the abstract idea at the heart of the claims is. I make sure that what I am reciting is reasonably considered abstract. This is in fact why 80%+ of the cliams pending at the office will pass this test with ease. Most of them won’t even trigger the analysis needing to be performed in the first place.

    “The Office, in its guidance following the Supreme Court case, likewise has shot down your “test.””

    Nah bro, the reason I praised the office memo is that it follows my test almost to the letter. They issued internal guidance as well way before this for abstract ideas, and it followed my test step by step in a flow chart. Pity is, most people still don’t understand how to apply it well. You included. Which is the source of the pushback. Your tar dation.

    In any event, I tire of discussing it. You wished to hear my view, for the 4th time or so, on this case, and there you have it. I’m not going to argue with you about it. I will hang my hat on this case going down, you however probably will not, because you wish to declare victory after every loss you suffer. We will wait for the ultimate outcomes. Presuming alice is further appealled it will be reversed, and the ultra is already further appealed and will be reversed, either by the CAFC or by the USSC. If Alice’s plaintiff gives up or decides to go back to the DC for a real trial of course then that judgement will stand unappealed. That’s my predictions. So stop bugging me ya t ard.

  54. 328

    You seem to be awfully general in your characterizations of the specific claims at issue there Mr. Wheeler. I speak of the actual claims at issue. When is “your view” going to successfully predict what is going to happen to A SPECIFIC GIVEN CLAIM? Your view is meaningless if you can’t use it to get specific claims through brosensky.

    You willing to hang your hat on Ultra? Alice? Go ahead, tell us definitively if the claims are valid or invalid, tell us you hang your hat on that, and when the dust settles we’ll see eh? Because I can tell you right now that Ultra and Alice are both going down town brosky.

  55. 327

    But let me ask you, what if, in a particularly dastardly deed, they dreamed up a slightly more complex abstract idea. Perhaps one involving rights, the interwebs and copyrighted works etc? What if, go d forbid, they came up with the abstract idea of:

    6, according to this “logic” of your ultimae extended abstract ideas “test”, there can never be a patent anywhere at anytime that would pass such “slightly more complex abstract idea” shenagins. Any claim you put up can be turned into such an “abstract idea of” that claim. Without exception.

    The only thing you have done with your “test” is to do what the Supreme Court explictily warned against: “The Court has recognized, however, that too broad an interpretation of this exclusionary principle could eviscerate patent law. For all inventions at some level embody,use, reflect, rest upon, or apply laws of nature, natural phenomena, or abstract ideas.Mayo v. Prometheus, 566 U. S. ____ (2012) at 2.

    You have taken the “abstract” and applied it as broadly as possible. The Supreme Court shot down your “test” in no uncertain terms. The Office, in its guidance following the Supreme Court case, likewise has shot down your “test.”

    Please return to this reality and acknowledge that 101 Integration Expert has triumphed over you. Any resistance is futile.

  56. 326

    Completely unwilling.

    Unwilling after boasting is no better than unable. It makes you look like a prize pxssy.

    You and MM are making this non-inventor look like a genius.

    If you want to invite 101 IE to our table for a beer, just ask him. I won’t be upset with you if you want to take a walk on the other side.

    So far our side has a perfect record on predicting which cases involve claims that are invalidated or deemed valid at the USSC

    Not really 6, especially when the legal reasoning destroys “your sides” views on so many levels. Just my view on the little GD war being waged.

    Let’s do a quick scoreboard check, shall we?

    Where are computer software claims? Um, OK, that’s on “their side.”

    Where are business method claims? Um, OK, that’s on “their side.”

    Where are medical method claims? Well, that’s on the fence still, isn’t it? (but not looking good for poor MM’s neighborhood). Speaking of MM, how is his [old_step]+[new_thought] — otherwise known as [eligible_step]+[ineligible_step] — mantra going? Have you seen it in the Office guidelines? Squint as I might, I cannot see it there. I do see 101 IE’s integration philosophy throughout the guidelines though. I am not sure how you explain that discrepancy.

    It’s rather sad for “your side” that any argument you throw out there can be so easily defeated by someone just pointing up to the scoreboard and reminding you of what’s out there in reality. When all you have is “opposite-day” style caricatures, dustclouds and smokescreens, it’s hard to win a debate. Either “completely unwilling” or “completely unable” both lose the debate for you.

  57. 325

    Argue with the physics greats

    I see why you don’t want these people arguing with you 6, they are mopping the floor with you and showing you to be the physics dullard that you are.

    That’s OK 6, we don’t hang with you for your smarts. Have another beer pal.

  58. 324

    Umm, 6, it’s not being objective if you are just making it up.. You have to first establish a factual case for the abstract idea or concept . Then and only then can you proceed to perform any analysis based on that abstract idea, or concept.

  59. 323

    Yes.

    I determine, objectively, all abstract ideas that I can think of, narrow them down, objectively, to the ones that appear to be somewhat related to the application at hand, and then write down the one that appears objectively closest to what is happening in the application.

    After that, I perform the analysis which I have described to determine if an issue exists or not.

  60. 322

    “Well, suckie, show us how a claim in the form [oldstep]+[newthought] can pass your “integration” test.”

    :: Chuckles::

    Well, I don’t have a test. I only go by the holding of the Supreme Court in Prometheus and the USPTO Guidelines. He is what both authorities have instructed you to do.

    Prometheus relied on Diehr, which was reaffirmed in Bilski, page 14, as controlling precedent and said::

    “The Court pointed out that the basic mathematical equation, like a law of nature, was not patentable. But it found the overall process patent eligible because of the way the additional steps of the process “integrated” the equation into the process as a whole. Those steps included “installing rubber in a press, closing the mold, constantly determining the temperature of the mold, constantly re- calculating the appropriate cure time through the use of the formula and a digital computer, and automatically opening the press at the proper time.” Id., at 187. It nowhere suggested that all these steps, or at least the combination of those steps, were in context obvious, al­ ready in use, or purely conventional. And so the patentees did not “seek to pre-empt the use of [the] equation,” but sought “only to foreclose from others the use of that equa­ tion in conjunction with all of the other steps in their claimed process.” Ibid. These other steps apparently added to the formula something that in terms of patent law’s objectives had significance—they transformed the process into an inventive application of the formula.” ( Emphasis added)

    Installing rubber in a press, and closing the mold are old steps. Re- calculating the appropriate cure time, involve new thoughts throughout the process. At some point a human operator has to record those times and process a new thought. Those thoughts are “integrated” along with all the other steps and so the Diehr process was was found to be patent eligible. Thus, “integration” was the key to as the Court said: :transform the process into an inventive “application” of the formula.

    Now the USPTO following suit has instructed everyone to the following “Integration Analysis” Guidelines:

    1. To show “integration”, the additional elements or steps must relate to the natural principle in a significant way to impose a meaningful limit on the claim scope. The analysis turns on whether the claim has added enough to show a practical application.

    2. Along with “integration”, the additional steps must be sufficient to ensure that the claim amounts to significantly more than the natural principle itself by including one or more elements or steps that limit the scope of the claim and do more than generally describe the natural principle with generalized instructions to “apply it.”

    3. A machine or transformation that is merely nominally, insignificantly, or tangentially related to the steps or elements, e.g., data gathering or data storage, would not show integration. This claim would pass Inquiries 1-3 in the above analysis as it is a process that includes the Arrhenius equation as a limitation, with additional steps that “integrate” the Arrhenius equation into the process and are sufficient to narrow the scope of the claim so that others are not foreclosed from using the Arrhenius equation in different applications.”

    It most be frustrating as h e l l that you posted and celebrated guidelines that destroy your own theory, eh Malcolm? :-) Well nonetheless “Integration Analysis” is the law of the land and you have to deal with it.

  61. 321

    MM, Can you cite the Court Case and provide the exact quote for the holding, that stated : that claims in the form [oldstep]+[newthought} aren’t eligible for patenting?

    :: Silence::

    MM , can you cite the exact passage in the Prometheus Court Case and provide the exact quote for the holding, that says it overruled the holding from Diehr, that so states: “In determining the eligibility of respondents’ claimed process for patent protection under §101, their claims must be considered as a whole. It is inappropriate to dissect the claims into old and new elements and then to ignore the presence of the old elements in the analysis. This is particularly true in a process claim because a new combination of steps in a process may be patentable even though all the constituents of the combination were well known and in common use before the combination was made. The “novelty” of any element or steps in a process, or even of the <450 U.S. 189> process itself, is of no relevance in determining whether the subject matter of a claim falls within the §101 categories of possibly patentable subject matter.12″

    ::Silence::

  62. 320

    “Is Ultramercial’s claims an abstract idea in view of Prometheus?”

    Alright we see what you think the question is. Let me ask you, do you think that the following might be a reasonable restatement of that question slightly more in line with what the law requires the question to be?

    “Is Ultramercial’s claim an abstract idea, OR DIRECTED TO AN ABSTRACT IDEA?”

    Because you are right of course that the claim itself is not an abstract idea, and nobody takes issue with that. Not me. Not Ned, not MM, not the USSC, and notably not Hulu or Wildtangent. The issue other people take with the claims in ultramercial is not whether the claims ARE an abstract idea, it is whether or not they are directed to an abstract idea. That is, in other words, whether they preempt an abstract idea even though they are not themselves nothing more than an abstract idea.

    “The claims in Ultramercial are an inventive application of the concept.”

    Idk about an “inventive” application, but unquestionably they are an application. Again, nobody involved in the case or discussing it here argues otherwise.

    “If Ultramercial’s claims were a mere application of a concept without integration they could read as follows:

    a method for using advertising as currency.

    1. offering a service

    2. accepting advertising as payment”

    That is true AI, they could. But let me ask you, what if, in a particularly dastardly deed, they dreamed up a slightly more complex abstract idea. Perhaps one involving rights, the interwebs and copyrighted works etc? What if, go d forbid, they came up with the abstract idea of:

    Putting up for restricted sale a purchasable text/video/music copyrighted work on the interweb that is associated with a sponsorship message, from a sponsor who has sponsored a number of messages, but also offering as a deal free access to the work if customers view an interactive or non-interactive ad and if it is non-interactive giving them the work after they ask to see the ad after you offer the deal and you have shown them the ad and if it is interactive then query them and get an answer to the query before giving them the work after they ask to see the ad after you offer the deal and you have shown them the ad and recording the deal while keeping an updated list of how many times you present the sponsored message to get paid for a sponsorship message.

    What if, go d forbid, they came up with that abstract idea? WHAT IF THAT HAPPENED AI? Would their ultramercial claim be invalidated if that happened and they tried to claim that?

    What might their claim look like in that instance?

    Might it look something like:
    A method for distribution of products over the
    Internet via a facilitator, said method comprising
    the steps of:
    a first step of receiving, from a content provider, media products that are covered by
    intellectual property rights protection and
    are available for purchase, wherein each
    said media product being comprised of at
    least one of text data, music data, and video
    data;
    a second step of selecting a sponsor message to
    be associated with the media product, said
    sponsor message being selected from a plurality of sponsor messages, said second step
    including accessing an activity log to verify
    that the total number of times which the
    sponsor message has been previously presented is less than the number of transaction cycles contracted by the sponsor of the
    sponsor message;
    a third step of providing the media product for
    sale at an Internet website;
    a fourth step of restricting general public access
    to said media product;
    a fifth step of offering to a consumer access to
    the media product without charge to the
    consumer on the precondition that the consumer views the sponsor message;
    a sixth step of receiving from the consumer a
    request to view the sponsor message,
    wherein the consumer submits said request
    in response to being offered access to the
    media product;
    a seventh step of, in response to receiving the
    request from the consumer, facilitating the
    display of a sponsor message to the consumer;
    an eighth step of, if the sponsor message is not
    an interactive message, allowing said consumer access to said media product after
    said step of facilitating the display of said
    sponsor message;
    a ninth step of, if the sponsor message is an interactive message, presenting at least one
    query to the consumer and allowing said
    consumer access to said media product after
    receiving a response to said at least one
    query;
    a tenth step of recording the transaction event
    to the activity log, said tenth step including
    updating the total number of times the
    sponsor message has been presented; and
    an eleventh step of receiving payment from the
    sponsor of the sponsor message displayed.”

    Might it look something like that?

  63. 319

    Mr. Heller:

    Can you cite ANY case law that supports any conclusion you have reached above?

    :: Silence::

  64. 318

    Mr. Heller can you quote, and cite the exact passage in Prometheus of the Court overturning the Diehr precedent that says:

    “The “novelty” of any element or steps in a process, or even of the <450 U.S. 189> process itself, is of no relevance in determining whether the subject matter of a claim falls within the §101 categories of possibly patentable subject matter.12″

    :: Silence::

  65. 317

    “You must first determine if there is an abstract idea that could be a problem for the claim. Then you write it down.”

    Can describe the objective process you use for determining the abstract idea of an invention?

    :: Silence::

  66. 316

    “completely unable”

    Completely unwilling.

    “6 and his phony pre=emption analysis in which he gets to play God and dream up any abstract concept he wants, and declare a claim pre-empts, fails under Integration Analysis.”

    How does it “fail” under your imaginary non-law “analysis”?

    Let me ask you AI, at what point are you going to predict a USSC case and hang your hat on it such that if the claim is struck down you lose? So far our side has a perfect record on predicting which cases involve claims that are invalidated or deemed valid at the USSC. Your side, sadly, does not. How do you explain that discrepancy?

  67. 315

    “Remember when MM self defeated by first providing the link to the Office guidelines, making snarky comments, but forgetting to actually read the Office guidelines, and had to go silent while AI danced a jig of integration?

    I do!”

    I do too…And the dance is still going on. MM has yet to address the guidelines! And he won’t dare address “Integration Analysis”.

    In fact MM, Ned and 6 all punted when backed into a corner and challenged to simply apply the “integration analysis” to Ultramercials claims, in view of prometheus and the new Guidelines.

    I have posting the passage from Prometheus that introduces Integration into it’s analysis.

    I have posted the sections of the guidelines that apply integration, in relation to previous cases and analysis.

    I have posted Ultramercial’s claims.

    I have even gone first with my own “Integration Analysis” of Ultramercial so MM, Ned, and 6 could have something to shoot down.

    But they can’t even do that!

  68. 314

    ” you’re not worthy of the best, suckie. Never forget that.”

    Yup, I will remember the way the USPTO remembered to include your “mental steps test theory” in it’s official guidelines.

  69. 313

    Thank you for the acknowledgement. Ned, 6, MM, have become flustered and are completely unable to articulate any cogent response, let alone accept the challenge and perform the “Integration Analysis” in view of Prometheus and the new office Guidelines.

    I believe they are afraid because none of their pet anti patent theories work. 6 and his phony pre=emption analysis in which he gets to play God and dream up any abstract concept he wants, and declare a claim pre-empts, fails under Integration Analysis.

    Neds, crusade to declare business methods non statutory using the old in re Bilski CAFC M o T has been made obsolete by Integration Analysis. His limiting useful arts to the 1800’s or defining processes to only be eligible if they are conventional manufacturing processes like Diehr’s, also fails under “Integration Analysis”.

    While MM’s , declaration that Diehr was overturned and dissection is the new law of the land is well, just plain crazy. But knowing his whacky mental steps theory will never see the light of day must really have put him over the edge.

    I wonder if they ever stop to think their is a reason none of them have legal citations for any of their theories?

    Mean while “Integration Analysis” continues to steam roll along. First a 9-0 Supreme Court decision in Prometheus. Followed by being adapted by the Official USPTO Guidelines. Now a required response from the CAFC in Ultramercial.

    These are indeed good days for those on the side or promoting innovation, and progress of the useful arts!

  70. 312

    “Indeed, I thought he had it correct the other day, but since three days or so have passed, he has morphed his “integration analysis” into nonsensical horse manure.”

    Yet, you, 6, nor Mr. Heller can rise to the challenge and apply the “Integration Analysis” to Ultramercial’s claims in view of Prometheus and the Office new guidlines.

    That is all I have asked since the new Guidelines have issued. Your response 6, was first to deny Integration Analysis even existed. Followed by claiming you have been doing it for years which of course was proven a lie. Ned apparently can’t perform “Integration Analysis” either. Simply saying, “nonsense” is not a valid response. MM, finally was able to type the words “Integration Analysis” without breaking into a cold sweat but has not yet managed to perform any analysis whatsoever. He has only managed to run around shouting 9-0 suckie.

    Seriously 6, can’t YOU provide a cogent legal analysis?

    One in which you do not completely fall apart when challenged?

    Why are you, 6, Ned, and MM, so befuddled, confused, and completely terrified of applying “Integration Analysis” to Ultramercials claims in view of Prometheus and the new Office Guidelines?

    If you three are so smart and so superior why not step up and prove it? Go ahead and show everyone what experts you are. The world is waiting!

  71. 311

    First of all that fiduciary signature, is more than likey Marcella’s or Louise’s signature. they had no business in it. 99% sure it’s Louise’s.
    I was put in a BOX! That was my House. And Dick Egan you @#$%!

  72. 310

    You are pretty dense 6.

    But in odd way it’s nice to see that you have recovered from that severe Beatdown on that recent thread and that you are back to posting in your old clownish manner.

  73. 309

    “That is integration. What you are saying, Actual Inventor, is complete nonsense.”

    Indeed, I thought he had it correct the other day, but since three days or so have passed, he has morphed his “integration analysis” into nonsensical horse manure.

  74. 307

    Mr. Heller:

    Do agree or disagree with the following “Integration Analysis” of Ultramercial’s claims? Go ahead and tear it apart if you can. I only ask that you cite actual case law to support your conclusions, if different than mine.

    101 Integration Analysis

    In Ultramercial the court and the inventors have agreed the concept is:“Using advertising as currency” Claiming a concept without applying it is considered an abstract idea. Abstract ideas, like a law of nature, or physical phenomena, are not patentable subject matter.

    Therefore the question before the CAFC is as follows:

    Is Ultramercial’s claims an abstract idea in view of Prometheus?

    The answer is clearly no.

    The claims in Ultramercial are an inventive application of the concept. We know this is correct because of the way the steps of the process “integrate” the concept into the process as a whole. See Prometheus citing Diehr and Flook:

    “ Diehr and Flook, the cases most directly on point, both addressed processes using mathematical formulas that, like laws of nature, are not themselves patentable. In Diehr, the overall process was patent eligible because of the way the additional steps of the pro-cess integrated the equation into the process as a whole. 187. These additional steps transformed the process into an inventive application of the formula.” (Syllabus Prometheus V Mayo 566 U. S. ____ (2012) )

    If Ultramercial’s claims were a mere application of a concept without integration they could read as follows:

    a method for using advertising as currency.


    1. offering a service


    2. accepting advertising as payment

    And if the specification to the above claims offered no further definition of the terms then the CAFC could rightfully rule Ultramercial’s claims to be an abstract idea based on the “integration analysis” used in Prometheus and referenced to Diehr. The claims would in effect be no more than simply stating the concept and saying apply it.

    See Prometheus as Authority (Still, as the Court has also made clear, to transform an un-patentable law of nature into a patent-eligible application of such a law, one must do more than simply state the law of nature while adding the words “apply it.” See, e.g., Benson, supra, at 71–72.) (( Opinion of the Court 3, Prometheus V Mayo 566 U. S. ____ (2012) )

    In conclusion, Ultramercial’s claims integrate the concept with 11 steps that when viewed as a whole transform the claim into an inventive application of the concept.

  75. 306

    Mr. Heller, your use of the word “otherwise” and statement ” integrating ineligible subject matter into an otherwise patentable process” presumes a different process exist apart from the “process” in 35 U.S.C. 100 and 100 (b).
    And while I am aware of the passage in Diehr that clarifies that a process that transforms is patent eligible, I remind you that the statute, nor any of the Courts precedents on 101 statutory subject matter have ever limited the definition of a patent eligible process, to only machines, transformations, or technology. Unless you can cite Court precedent that specifically holds another definition of process, apart from 35 USC 100 (b), or limits processes strictly to the type of process in Diehr, I must caution you now to stop using your “otherwise” language. As such language only obfuscates the legal issues being discussed. A process is a process and is patent eligible as long as it is not a law of nature, physical phenomenon or abstract idea. However an application of a law of nature, abstract idea, or physical phenomenon is a patent eligible process. So without any further delay, avoidance or confusion, I invite you to do what MM, and 6 are apparently afraid to try. Apply the “Integration Analysis” to Ultramericals claims in view of Prometheus and the new USPTO Guidelines. I will even start it out for you in a separate post. Please read it next and do not let your iphone eat it, or magically jump you to another thread, which so often happens when you are challenged to perform.

  76. 305

    A persons life is not measured by motion, it is measured by time. A season is not measured by motion, it is measured by weather. The first day of spring is measured on a calendar, but, the measure of the feel of spring is measured by temperature,or by the green of the trees, or the dafodils.
    And I am not even trying to be smart because instead of a brain I have “ONE EMPTY PLACE” which will soon be filled by a measure of paper.

  77. 304

    Specifically, once clocks were made, time was the abstraction of the march of the hands on the clock. Before that it was the abstraction of water turning a wheel etc.

    I do not have the time” nor do you have an understanding of time. You describe different manners of measuring time, not different “abstractions” of time itself.

    You, the messenger, have f’d things ups because you, the messenger, think you are as smart as those whose message you think you are carrying.

    You are trying too hard to be too smart.

    You have failed fiercely.

  78. 303

    And when he said in a Letter he gave ( my evidence) it to him. and then he said in a letter he had it. They both knew who had it. And when I faxed her she knew who had it and ran!
    I guess she figured the State atty. had the Federal evidence perfect time to run!
    And he would not let me get an atty. no matter what I did. Too bad the only retards were at ONE EMPTY PLACE!

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