KSR v. Teleflex, 550 U. S. ____ (2007): In a unanimous opinion authored by Justice Kennedy, the Supreme Court held that the Federal Circuit's "narrow" & "rigid" TSM test is not the proper application of the nonobviousness doctrine of Section 103(a) of the Patent Act.
"To facilitate review, [the obviousness] analysis should be made explicit. But it need not seek out precise teachings directed to the challenged claim's specific subject matter, for a court can consider the inferences and creative steps a person of ordinary skill in the art would employ."
"A patent composed of several elements is not proved obvious merely by demonstrating that each element was, independently, known in the prior art."
"There is no necessary inconsistency between the [TSM] test and the Graham analysis. But a court errs where, as here, it transforms general principle into a rigid rule limiting the obviousness inquiry."
Microsoft v. AT&T: With a 7-1 majority, the Supreme Court has ruled in favor of Microsoft in its extended fight againt extraterritorial application of US Patent Law -- holding that Section 271(f) of the Patent Act does not extend to cover foreign duplication of software. Justice Stevens dissented.