Research-In-Motion v. NTP (Supreme Court). [Updated 12/19/05]
The BlackBerry patent battle continues. In a well written petition, RIM has requested that the Supreme Court hear its appeal from the Federal Circuit’s decision that that was decided in NTP’s favor in August, 2005.
The appeal involves the question of territoriality of the patent laws. Specifically, RIM poses the following question to the Court:
Under § 271(a) of the Patent Act, “use” infringement is expressly limited to use of a patented invention “within the United States.” The question presented is: Whether an Internet-based global telecommunications system, such as the BlackBerry wireless email system, is used “within the United States,” where components crucial to the system’s operation are located outside the United States.
RIM, a Canadian company, maintains its routers in Canada and has argued that because a portion of its allegedly infringing system was outside of the US that it could not infringe a US patent. NTP argued the other side — that the mere fact that some servers were located abroad (while many others were within the US) cannot let RIM escape judgment. For its part, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit split-the-baby and differentiated between system claims and method claims.
- For infringement of method claims, each and every step must be performed in the US.
- For infringement of system claims, the US must be the place where control of the system is exercised adn beneficial use of the system obtained..
In the past two years, the Court has turned down at least two cases involving extraterritorial application of the patent laws.* Perhaps setting the stage for certiorari here. (odds are still low).
- Download RIM’s Petition for Cert (PDF).
- According to news reports, all five of NTP’s patents have received office action rejections at least once in the reexamination proceedings, and three of them have received two non-final rejections. [Link]
- Crouch, BlackBerry Settlement Found Unenforceable, Patently-O: Patent Law Blog (November 30, 2005).
- Crouch & Kafadar, Pushing The Boundaries, 176 Patent World 10 (October 2005) [Link]
- * Pellegrini v. Analog Devices and Microsoft v. Eolas.