Will Justice Gorsuch bite on the new petition in Integrated Tech. Sys. v. First Internet Bank of Ind., Supreme Court Docket No. 17-1590 (2018)? Petitioner relies heavily on Patently-O writings from Prof. Hricik and myself for its argument that the lack of patent eligibility is not a statutory defense under 35 U.S.C. § 282.
The petition asks the following questions:
- Does 35 U.S.C. § 282 allow for challenges to a patent’s validity based on patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. § 101?
- In addition, and in close alignment with the first question, is it proper to find patents invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 101 after full examination before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in response to 12(b)(6) challenges when they are presumed valid under 35 U.S.C. § 282?
- Is it proper to grant a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss when the record contains unrebutted factual evidence that the invention is patent-eligible under § 101?
The patents here cover systems and methods for person-to-person fund transfers — something like paypal but without any need for a funded account. United States Patent Nos. 7,912,786 (“the ‘786 patent”), 8,131,643 (“the ‘643 patent”), 8,321,347 (“the ‘643 patent”), and 8,620,809 (“the ‘809 patent”).
Claim 11 of the ‘809 patent reads as follows:
11. A method for automatically transferring funds, comprising:
providing a computer configured to provide a person to person funds transfer system; providing for the computer system to be accessible to a communication medium device that is controlled by a sender, said computer system being accessed by the communication medium device to receive information data related to a debit account of the sender and information data related to a receiving debit accessible escrow account;
receiving account information data and transfer authorization data by the computer system; processing the data in automated modes by the computer system;
transferring funds from the debit account of the sender to the receiving debit-accessible escrow account without requiring a pre-established relationship between the debit account of the sender and the receiving debit-accessible escrow account; and
repeating the above steps by the computer system, thus effecting additional transfers between different sending debit accounts and different receiving debit-accessible escrow accounts to cause fund transfers from the different sending debit accounts to the different receiving debit-accessible escrow accounts.